PERGUMULAN ISLAM DAN KOLONIALISME ABAD KE 18 DAN 19
Keywords:Islamic Struggle, Colonialism
Since the 16th century the colonizers came to Indonesia one after another. Starting with the Portuguese, then moving on to the Netherlands and ending with the Japanese. After that, actually there was colonialism carried out by the British before Indonesia's independence. Although briefly, but enough to swallow many victims and various losses. Indeed, until the end of the 19th century colonialism was still visible in various parts of the world. This paper is qualitative, with a library research approach. The struggle of Muslims with colonialism in the field of education was when the Dutch discriminated against Islamic educational institutions (pesantren). In the field of the Dutch economy managed to make the Muslim economy slumped. At first the Muslim profession was located in the center of trade but was taken over by the Dutch by spreading false Hadith that "it is better to linger in the mosque than in the market. In the Dutch political sector, two methods were used to colonize Muslims. These methods are the method of ethical politics (reciprocity) and the politics of fighting sheep (devide et impera). Many Muslims, especially kings and sultans, chose the "safe way" to join the Netherlands because they considered the Dutch to have done a great job
Abdullah, T. (1991). Sejarah Umat Islam Indonesia. Majelis Ulama Indonesia.
Daulay, H. P. (2007). Sejarah Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Kencana.
Hasan, I. (2008). Analisis Data Penelitian Dengan Statistik. Bumi Aksara.
Indonesia, T. P. N. P. S. (2010). Sejarah Nasional Indonesia. Balai Pustaka.
Kartowijoyo, S. (2015). Pengantar Sejarah Indonesia Baru 1500-1900 Era Emperium Sampi Imperium. Gema Insani Press.
Lapidus, I. M. (1999). Sejarah sosial Umat Islam. Grafindo Persada.
Nugraha, M. T. (2019). Sejarah Pendidikan Islam. Diandra.
Poesponegoro, M. D. (2010). Sejarah Nasional Indonesia. Balai Pustaka.
Sarijo, M. (2010). Pendidikan Islam dari Masa Keemasan. Yayasan Ngali dan Permadani.
Yatim, B. (2014). Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam. Raja Grafindo Perkasa.
Zuhairini. (2004). Sejarah Pendidikan Islam. PT. Bumi Aksara.